Using Optimization Modeling to Determine Locations for Aerial Firefighting Resources Based on Wildfire Risk Data

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Keywords:

wildfire suppression, initial attack, fire weather, preparedness, planning

Abstract

The increase of the global mean temperature likely leads to more frequent and prolonged fire weather periods, with hot and dry conditions. This would also lead to increased frequency and magnitude of wildfires, and increased risk of spatial and temporal co-occurrence. A key to control and suppress wildfires during fire weather is a strong initial response, for which aerial firefighting resources can be used. This paper investigates the potential of optimization modeling to support pre-wildfire location planning of aerial firefighting resources, by developing a binary integer programing model and test it on Swedish case data. The model produces useful results given considerably less amount of available input data to determine the locations, compared with the manual planning. With relatively short solution times, it shows potential to support fast relocation of resources during sudden changes of circumstances, and to facilitate implementation of a standard operating procedure, with less expert knowledge dependence.

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Published

2024-05-17

How to Cite

Sköld Gustafsson, V., Andersson Granberg, T., & Waldemarsson, M. (2024). Using Optimization Modeling to Determine Locations for Aerial Firefighting Resources Based on Wildfire Risk Data. ISCRAM Proceedings, 21. https://ojs.iscram.org/index.php/Proceedings/article/view/81

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